PART I: Global Health Outcomes from the Toya-ko Summit

2.Lack of Progress in Other Areas of Global Health

There was disappointment among the Civil Society as the G8 summit failed to make progress on other issues within the global health agenda that would answer to the expectations of Civil Society.

Three outcome documents on global health from the 2008 G8 Summit:

  1. G8 Communique:
    Development and Africa. Paragraphs 45-46 (2 pages)
  2. Toya-ko Framework for Action on Global health:
    The outcome document of the G8 Health Experts with assistance from associated international organizations and private interest groups and foundations. The G8 Health Experts held several meetings throughout the G8 Summit policy making process.
  3. Toya-ko Framework for Action on Global Health Matrices
    the matrices contains past contributions of each G8 counties for global health. The matrices come as an attachment to the Toya-ko Framework for Action on Global Health.

The greatest area of concern of this G8 Summit on the progress in global health is the lack of financial commitments. As a result, there are no guarantees that the political commitments made in the G8 Communique will be kept nor met. Furthermore, the Toya-ko Framework for Action, despite its name, is a package of general recommendation on health policies, rather than concrete actions and directions for the attainment of global health goals.

The following are the results and our evaluation for issues directly related to HIV/AIDS:

  1. Attainment of Universal Access:
    The outcome documents expressed asense of urgency on the attainment of the Universal Access goal. Ifthere really is a true a sense of urgency, in the time limit of 2.5years until the deadline for the commitment of this goal, there shouldbe a concrete financial plan; however, no such plan or strategy forits attainment exists.
  2. Deadline for the Heiligendamm Commitment:
    In the 2007 G8 Summit,the G8 countries committed to USD 60 Billion to fight the three majorinfectious diseases and for Health System Strengthening in the comingyears. At the 2008 G8 Summmit, a deadline was set for the payment ofthis USD 60 Billion to five years. However, according to calculationsfrom international think tanks, in order to fight the three infectiousdiseases and for Health System Strengthening within 5 years requiresat the least USD 170 Billion. The current commitment accounts for only1/3 of the esitamated USD 170 Billion needed. Furthermore, thelanguage of the commitment has become more ambiguous; from "threemajor infectious diseases" to "infectious diseases" and "Health SystemStrengthening" to "Strengthening Health Systems".
  3. On the elimination of travel restrictions on People living withHIV/AIDS:
    The initial draftof the outcome document called on relaxingor eliminating travel restrictions on PLWHA, however due to theopposition of a few countries, the language on the final document wasweakend to faciliating travel. Thus, laws remained unchanged for thisissue of human rights.

For more results and evaluation of the Toya-ko G8 Summit, refer tothereport card created by Japanese Civil Society.

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